Spaceflight Simulator Wiki
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A Mars Rocket is a rocket meant to go to Mars. This page lists some examples of Mars rockets and a tutorial for going to Mars.


User Rocket Examples

SpaceX Falcon Heavy

This is a rocket designed by EarthMoonExplorer

ARES 5c

This is a rocket designed by Kittidhaj

It is capable of reaching Low Earth Orbit, Moon, Venus and Mars with well-designed aerodynamic supports.

Lunch 7

This is a rocket designed by User:LxkXGZeO0TMePwByID2rIp74.

It is capable of reaching Low Earth Orbit, Moon and Mars or a solar orbit. Lunch 7 is capable of sending approximately 95 tons of cargo to LEO without exhausting all fuel (as of version 1.35). The maximum mass of payload that can be brought to Mars is not tested.

Despite the blocky shape of the rocket, Titan Engines produce a large amount of thrust that overcome the awkward aerodynamics.

Mars 2

This rocket was designed by User:Jws29095, using only basic parts. It may or may not be a one way trip. Fuel is hard to save.

Mars-capable Rocket

Designed by User:PurpleSeba888, this rocket is able to land on Mars and return as well.

Mars Lander

This rocket is designed by User:Nigos09. It uses basic parts and can land landers on Moon, Mars, Phobos or Deimos.

Mars Orbiter-Lander and Explorer (MOLE)

This rocket is capable of reaching Mars Orbit. The Orbiter-Lander (OL) is a mix of an orbiter and lander. There is also a Rover on top of the OL.

Second Stage

The second stage has 3 valiant engines, and extra fuel tanks. Some parts of the second stage and the OL and rover are covered in fairings.

First Stage and SRBs

The first stage and the solid rocket boosters are capable of reaching low earth orbit. The solid rocket boosters are double 4wide boosters. Each of them have 2 hawk engines.




Real-life rocket examples

A reconstruction of the SpaceX Starship, a real rocket intended for colonising Mars.

How to go to Mars

To go to Mars, you need to construct a rocket that has 3 or 4 stages (and solid rocket boosters).

1st stage

The first stage is capable of going to low Earth orbit. Titan/Hawk Engine can lift the rocket off to the Kármán Line. When the rocket goes up to 0.5 kilometers, start turning over to the side.

If the rocket has boosters, they need to be separated once they run out of fuel.

2nd stage

The 2nd stage is capable of going to Mars and LEO. At near apogee or at apogee, burn the rocket into orbit. Set Mars as your target planet, and wait until the rocket is in the transfer point. At the transfer point, burn the rocket again to encounter Mars. Use RCS to fine tune the orbit. Wait the rocket to encounter Mars, and burn at near periapsis or at the periapsis to get into orbit. Separate and recover (if possible) the second stage from the rest of the stages.

3rd stage

The third stage is capable of landing on Mars. After the second stage is separated, you can now aerobrake/hit the surface of Mars. Mars has a low gravity, so be careful to bounce off again. Time warp. When the message "Cannot time warp below 15 kilometers", slow down with aerobraking. Set the perigee to around 5 to 4 kilometers above the surface, deploy chutes and the landing gear, and touchdown!

Important: It is recommended to use retrorockets to slow down to a safe touchdown speed due to the very little effects of the Martian atmosphere.

Important: If you land on Mt. Olympus, you can set the periapsis at around 9 kilometers.

4th stage

optional

The fourth and final stage is capable for returning to Earth. You can use Grasshopper Engines or Valiant Engine to liftoff. Start turning at 10 kilometers. When the apoapsis reaches between 20 to 50 kilometers, get into orbit. Set Earth as your target, and wait for the transfer point. At the transfer point, burn your rocket to encounter Earth. Do not have a collision course with it; instead, use aerobraking. Set the perigee to 12 to 15 kilometers, and time warp. When you see the message saying "Cannot time warp below 25 kilometers", wait for it to descend and slow down, and then at 500 meters, deploy parachutes. When it hits the ground, end mission.

Important: If you are planned to perform a Phobos/Deimos flyby/landing, then you can set Phobos as your target planet, and then burn your rocket to Phobos, and when it escapes the SOI, set Deimos as your target planet, and burn your rocket to Deimos, and go back to Mars orbit and return back home.

Tips

  • Make sure you have solid rocket boosters to go faster into the air.
  • If you are planning for a rover mission, it can have only 2 stages and an extra cruise stage to correct the trajectory.
Rocket construction
Suborbital rocketsOrbital rocketsReusable rocketsMoon rocketsMars rocketsVenus rocketsMercury rocketsJupiter rockets
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